Tag: Poland

East Cowes Civilian Bombing Casualty Memorial

I found this memorial in Kingston cemetery, in East Cowes on the Isle of Wight. It commemorates the civilians who were buried in the cemetery who were killed in the bombing of Cowes.

When I was visiting Cowes, I went through to  Kingston and Northwood Cemeteries, and there is still bomb damage visible in Northwood Cemetery.

The most memorable incident happened on the night of May 4–5, 1942, when the Polish destroyer, ORP Błyskawica was instrumental in defending Cowes from an air raid by 160 German bombers. The ship was undergoing an emergency refit at the J. Samuel White yard where she was built, and on the night of the raid, fired at the German bombers from outside the harbour, her guns becoming so hot they had to be cooled down with water. The gunnery from the ship forced the bombers to stay high, making it hard for them to target properly, and the ship laid a smokescreen hiding Cowes from the high flying bombers. However, the town and shipyard were badly damaged, and it is generally thought that without the destroyer it would have been far worse, although there are those say that the destroyer may have been the reason that the Germans targeted the shipyards.

There are other bombing casualties buried in this cemetery, and it is often forgotten that Cowes, like Portsmouth and Southampton were targeted by the Luftwaffe during the Second Wold War. 63 People were killed in air raids on East Cowes, and 56 are listed on this particular memorial.

On the opposite bank of the Medina River is Northwood Cemetery, and a similiar memorial exists there.

© DRW 2013-2018. Created 23/03/2015, added Northwood image 22/11/2017

Updated: 09/01/2018 — 07:47

Katyn Forest Memorial, Melrose, Johannesburg

This memorial sits on top of a grassy rise in the James and Ethel Gray Park in Melrose, between the Glenhove and Atholl-Oaklands turns offs on the M1.

It commemorates the 14500 Polish prisoners of war that were massacred by Stalins assasins in 1940, as well as the Heroes of the Warsaw uprising, and the Polish Airmen who supported the home army, and the part played by members of the South African Air Force.

There are three plaques at the Memorial, each dedicated to a different group associated with the Polish Nation.

Warsaw Uprising and Polish Airmen

Warsaw Uprising and Polish Airmen

Katyn Forest

Katyn Forest

Warsaw Airlift and SAAF

Warsaw Airlift and SAAF

More information about the Katyn Forest massacre may be found at the relevant Wikipedia Page. The Memorial may be found at Google Earth Co-ordinates 26° 8.567’S, 28° 3.838’E.

© DRW 2007 -2018. Added GPS 07/11/2011. Added to blog 25/01/2014.

Updated: 05/01/2018 — 20:53
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