William Robert Fountaine Addison VC

Reverand William Robert Fountaine Addison (18/09/1883 – 07/01/1962) was awarded the Victoria Cross for his conspicuous bravery on  9 April 1916 at Sanna-i-Yat, Mesopotamia,

The Citation, recorded in the London Gazette of Supplement: 29765, Page: 9417, reads: 

“Rev. William Robert Fountaine Addison, temp. Chapl. to the Forces, 4th Class, Army Chapl. Dept.
For most conspicuous bravery. He carried a wounded man to the cover of a trench, and assisted several others to the same cover, after binding up their wounds under heavy rifle and machine gun fire.
In addition to these unaided efforts, by his splendid example and utter disregard of personal danger, he encouraged the stretcherbearers to go forward under heavy fire and collect the wounded.”

He died on 7th January 1962, aged 78, in St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex, and is buried in Brookwood Cemetery, Woking.

DRW © 2018. Created 10/08/2018. Image courtesy of Mark Green

Angus Buchanan VC, MC

Angus Buchanan (11/08/1894 –  01/03/1944),  was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during  World War One at Falauyah Lines, Mesopotamia,

The Citation reads:

“For most conspicuous bravery. During an attack an officer was lying out in the open severely wounded about 150 yards from cover. Two men went to his assistance and one of them was hit at once. Captain Buchanan, on seeing this, immediately went out and, with the help of the other man, carried the wounded officer to cover under heavy machine gun fire. He then returned and brought in the wounded man, again under heavy fire.”

He was also awarded the Military Cross in 1916, and was mentioned in despatches four times.

He is buried in Coleford Cemetery, Coleford, Gloucestershire.

DRW © 2017-2020. Created 24/02/2107. Image courtesy of Mark Green.

Robert Edwin Phillips VC

Robert Edwin Phillips (11/04/1895 –  23/09/1968) was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions On 25 January 1917 near KutMesopotamia during the First World War in 1917.  Lieutenant Phillips went to the assistance of his commanding officer (Edward Elers Delaval Henderson) who was lying in the open mortally wounded while leading a counter-attack. 

The Citation, recorded in the London Gazette of Supplement: 30122, Page: 5703, reads:

“Temp. Lt. and Adj.t. Robert Edwin Phillips, R. War. R.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty.
After his Commanding Officer had been mortally wounded in leading a counter attack, Lt. Phillips went out under the most intense fire to his assistance, and eventually, with the help of a comrade, succeeded in bringing him back to our lines. 

Lt. Phillips had in the first instance tried to get a telephone wire across the open following
the battalion in their counter-attack. This was impossible when the Signallers were killed. His ‘Commanding Officer lay wounded in the open, and as the counter attack had succeeded, he turned all his energies on getting him in. He showed sustained courage in its very highest form, and but little chance of ever getting back alive.” 

He is buried in St Cyrus & St Julietta Churchyard, St Veep, Cornwall. 


© DRW 2016-2018. Created 14/01/2017, image courtesy of Mark Green

Oswald Austin Reid VC.

Oswald Austin Reid (02/11/1893 – 27/10/1920) was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions On 7 March 1917 at the Battle of Diyalah River, Mesopotamia,

The Citation, recorded in the London Gazette of Supplement: 30122, Page: 5702, reads:

“Capt. Oswald Austin Reid, L’pool R., attd. L.N. Lan. R.

For most conspicuous bravery in the face of desperate circumstances.

By his dauntless courage and gallant leadership he was able to consolidate a small post with the advanced troops, on the opposite side of a river to the main body, after his line of communications had been cut by the sinking of the pontoons.

He maintained this position for thirty hours against constant attacks by bombs, machine gun and shell tire, with the full knowledge that repeated attempts at relief had failed, and that his ammunition was all but exhausted. It was greatly due to his tenacity that the passage of the river was effected on the following night. During the operations he was wounded”

He is buried in Braamfontein Cemetery in Johannesburg.  

The grave of Oswald Austin Reid VC
The grave of Oswald Austin Reid VC
Memorial Stone at the National Memorial Arboretum.
Memorial Stone at the National Memorial Arboretum.
Braamfontein Cemetery

DRW. © 2011-2020. Added to Blog 03/01/2015, updated 05/04/2015, With thanks to Kevin Brazier, author of “The COMPLETE VICTORIA CROSS, A Full Chronological Record of All Holders of Britain’s Highest Award for Gallantry