Constitutional Hill

This gallery really consists of 4 separate areas because there are really 4 distinct places to see at Constitutional Hill. Starting with the Court, then moving onto The Fort, Number 4 Jail and finally the Womens Jail.

“The Constitutional Court is the home of the Constitution, the highest court in the land. Like the Constitution itself, the court was designed to be open, accessible and transparent. The court is built around the remaining stairwells of the old awaiting trail block. The foyer of the court is a light filled area populated by slanting columns, an architectural metaphor for trees under which the African villagers traditionally congregate to discuss matters of social importance to the elders. Any member of the public may attend court hearings, or may enter the building to view the many individually commissioned artworks on display…”

[ Page 1 ] [ Page 2 ] [ Page 3 ]
[ Page 4 ] [ Newtown ] [ Braamfontein ]
The Flame of Democracy

The Flame of Democracy

Shadows

Shadows

Constitutional Court foyer

Constitutional Court
foyer

Unveiling Plaque

Unveiling Plaque

Entrance Doors

Entrance Doors

1910 Constitution

1910 Constitution

Constitution Court Building

Constitution Court
Building

Constitution Court Interior

Constitution Court
Interior

Interior artwork

Interior artwork

The ramparts of the old Fort were built by Paul Kruger from 1893 to protect the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR) from the threat of British invasion, and to keep watch over miners flocking to the village below. Reverting to a jail after the Anglo Boer War, all male prisoners passed through the foreboding tunnel beneath the ramparts, but only whites were held in the fort itself. The luckless African male prisoners being held at the “Number Four” jail not too far away. The sloping entrance tunnel was the last view that many prisoners would have of the outside world before being taken into the buildings behind the earthen ramparts.The rooms under the ramparts were used as magazines, stores and sleeping quarters but not for cells.

Interior gate facade

Interior gate facade

Heritage Plaques

Heritage Plaques

Front entrance

Front entrance

Inner courtyard

Inner courtyard

The ramparts

The ramparts

Under the Ramparts

Under the Ramparts

Under the Ramparts

Under the Ramparts

Interior Buildings

Interior Buildings

Rampart tunnel

Rampart tunnel

Number Four is the jail where thousands of male African prisoners were incarcerated and brutalised, many of whom were guilty of minor infringements of ridiculous petty legislation, others for political views, and some were hardened criminals.

Interior Courtyard

Interior Courtyard

Ablutions

Ablutions

Cellblock

Cellblock

Cell door

Cell door

Restraints

Restraints

Solitary

Solitary

Visitors entrance

Visitors entrance

Solitary gate

Solitary gate

Interior yard

Interior yard

Cell interior

Communal Cell interior

Solitary cell interior

Solitary cell interior

Communal Cell interior

Communal Cell interior

The Womens Jail was built in 1909, and is next to the old fort. Many of the women held here were guilty of minor infringements of ridiculous petty legislation, others for political views. The jail was segregated by race and based on a panopticon design where cell blocks radiated off a central hub.

Street Entrance

Street Entrance

Ground floor hall

Ground floor hall

1st Floor hall

1st Floor hall

Cellblock

Cellblock

Cell interior

Cell interior

Cell door

Cell door

Interior offices

Interior offices

Cell block

Cellblock

Cell block

Cellblock

© DRW 2012-2018. Created 15/03/2012. Moved to blog 14/09/2014

Blogging while allatsea © 1999-2019. All photographs are copyright to DR Walker or the relevant photographer. Frontier Theme